Legal Identification Of Stolen Parrots©

By: R.J.McMillan, Wales, UK.

Parrot thefts have been on the increase over the past couple of years, with little or nothing being done by their owners to identify them if they are stolen, these parrots whether one or quite a number are all considered the owners property.

To claim these Parrots as the owners property in Law, the owner must be able to positively identify each parrot to the law enforcement agencies or in a court of law . Many owners who can positively identify their stock have not legally been able to get them back because of lack of positive legal proof of ownership.

Methods of Identifying Parrots

Close Ring

This is one of the most common forms of identification by Parrot owners, which usually consists of a solid or split stainless steel ring with a unique identification number or letters impressed in it. The solid rings have be fitted soon after the parrot is born, whilst the split ring can be applied at any age.
However leg rings can cause traumas to the legs and feet by getting caught up on perches , wire and associated materials of the aviary or cage construction. These rings are also reasonably easy to remove after the theft.


This is another form of identification, especially identifying the sex of the parrot which is tattooed with a combination of numbers and letters, and has been used for entry / exit of parrots to and from foreign countries. Unfortunately this method also has its drawbacks as the tattooes fade and stretch making the numbers or letters tattoo illegible.

Wing/Flight Feather Stamping

This form of identification, is carried out by stamping the underside of the flight feathers with a rubber stamp in indelible ink with your name, post code or any other unique number etc. This method also has its drawbacks as this identification is lost when the parrot goes through the moult.

Visual Identity

There are no methods currently in place for stolen parrots to be immediately identified on the spot.

Video and Still Photographs

Close up photographs of parrots with physical characteristics such as deformities of toes, feet, legs, eyes, beaks and wings or feathers can assist with identification, as can videos of the parrots characteristic antics, like talking, whistling, singing, tricks or phrases. However some parrots only perform for their owners and stolen and stressed parrots may not even perform or talk for weeks.

DNA Fingerprinting

This is a unique method to identify your Parrot but the initial outlay can be prohibited DNA fingerprinting of all parrots establishes a bird's permanent identification. The degree of relationship to other birds of the same species can be determined with analysis of the birds' DNA profile. This provides positive identification for life in case of theft or loss. DNA fingerprinting can be done on blood samples or feathers.
Individual-specific DNA fingerprints are inherited in the same simple genetic fashion in birds as in animals and human, and individual birds are as different from one another as are animals. The DNA fingerprints are inherited in Mendelian fashion (meaning that these DNA fingerprints are passed from the parents to the progeny) and it is possible to identify those fingerprints inherited from each parent. Each bird has his or her own unique characteristic pattern of DNA fingerprints referred to as their DNA profile. An offspring receives half of its DNA fingerprints from its mother and half from its father. Related birds (e.g. siblings) are expected to share a higher number of their fingerprints than are unrelated birds. The DNA fingerprint is a permanent individual identification for the bird. DNA typing results can help the breeder maintain the genetic constitution of flock and the greatest genetic diversity in progeny. DNA typing results also can be used to get a general idea of which birds would make good mates. This form of genetic coding or fingerprinting is continually becoming more efficient.


This is currently the most widely used and effective legal means of providing positive identification of individual parrots, since it is at present a universally known technique. Technology has produced quite an interesting little device that receives energy via radio waves and sends back a unique serial/identification number. the micro (as in small) electronic components are encased in an inert glass bead the size of a grain of rice. The parrot harmlessly walls off the chip with a thin cells. These microchips are used by dog and cat owners to help in the finding of lost pets. But how many parrots when stolen are available to be scanned? Thus the main use is for proof of legal origin, ownership and stud book identification . The legal origin question could be backed up by certificates from the Veterinarian who may have removed the closed band and then micro-chipped the bird. The tiny chips are almost impossible to remove in living birds with out doing major tissue damage. It is of course possible to remove the chip from a dead bird, re-sterilize it and inject it back into another bird.
There are many companies around the world selling microchips and the compatible scanner needed to read them. One of the problems with these different system is that most work on different frequencies and thus one scanner may not read the chips of another company.

Use of Space Age Technology


SmartWater can be used to protect almost anything it is a forensic deterrent with the potency of providing details of ownership of items instantly, providing an unprecedented degree of identification, so powerful in fact it has been likened to DNA profiling. SmartWater is a clear, water based solution with built in "synthetic DNA" with each license holder having a unique code. When applied to equipment or the skin or feathers of Parrots, offers conclusive Forensic evidence of ownership accepted by a Court of Law. If used to protect premises and aviaries, a system of hidden sprays can be triggered by a silent intruder alarm system, spraying a very fine odourless and colourless Smartwater droplets onto the intruders.

Once dry, it is almost impossible to wash off, so for months afterwards, the thief, together with his clothing, equipment and stolen property or Parrots carry indelible traces of SmartWater. It cannot be seen in normal light, but if a suspect is caught, or suspected stolen equipment or Parrots found, they can be examined by a simple ultraviolet light, and even if the smallest trace of SmartWater is present, samples can be taken for examination by the Police Forensic Science Service who can then positively link the suspect, equipment or Parrots to a particular theft and the legal owner.

Consequently, no matter wherever or in which country the thief hides or keeps the stolen equipment or Parrots, the Police can prove in Law the origin of the property or Parrots and when and where the theft took place.

SmartWater is applied by hand or spray to individual items of property or the skin, legs, beak and feathers of Parrots. Once dry , it is waterproof, invisible and extremely long lasting. Police authorities all over the UK have supported this product and its unique crime prevention and detection possibilities.

For further details and contacts


This system can be used to protect almost anything. It uses hundreds of 1mm diameter transparent microdots, each of which carries the same unique code. This code can be a postcode or unique serial number. Because these transparent microdots are incredibly hard to spot, a thief may not realize they are there and if he does he can never be sure of removing all of them, making them a powerful deterrent. The police can on recovery use the information on the dots to identify and confirm the real owner almost instantly. At the time of writing this article Microdots could not be used for any 'live' application( i.e. Parrots). The material is not bio-compatible and they are secured in position with an ultraviolet sensitive adhesive, which again is not bio-compatible.

The Ultimate Identification

The ultimate system of identification would cross link leg rings with microchips, Smartwater and some third party holding onto a certified sample of blood for future DNA fingerprinting. This system could prove conclusively ownership of equipment or a stolen Parrot even if bands are cut off, and microchips fail to be read. The only problem it would appear is the reluctance of the owners of expensive and sometimes endangered parrots from spending money to positively identify their stock prior to any possible theft, its to late after they have been stolen